Pool & Spa Maintenance

Your swimming pool water is comprised of different components, which collectively form your water's chemistry. The balance required among these components is critical to achieve a clean and clear pool with water that sparkles. Each chemical component has a known range of acceptable parameters or an ideal zone. Providing this ideal operating environment is necessary for the sanitizing system of choice to function properly. Once all of the chemicals are balanced and working together, the result should be a balanced pool that looks, feels and smells great.

1. Make sure that you begin with a freshly swept and vacuumed pool filled to the proper height.

2. Run the pump and filter throughout both the testing and chemical addition portion of the process.

3. Use a Water-Test Kit that tests for Alkalinity, PH, Metals (especially if you have well water), Phosphates. Test water samples twice to make sure that accurate readings were taken. Base your additions of balancing chemicals on the number of gallons of water in your pool.

4. Begin by reading the proper dosage of Alkalinity Increaser to add, which should be on the bucket of Alkalinity Increaser itself. The ideal range for your pool's alkalinity is between 80 and 120 parts per million. Separate the required dosage into equal thirds for addition, allowing ten minutes between additions. Mix all chemicals in a 5 gallon bucket of water and then add diluted chemicals to the pool water.

5. Retest the water after each addition (wait at least 12 hours to retest) to make sure that the prescribed dosage is not too much, which would cause you to overshoot the ideal range marker.

6. Repeat the testing for PH after the addition of the Alkalinity Increaser, because alkalinity raises the level of your PH. Add either PH Plus or PH Minus to fine tune the PH until it is in the ideal range, which is 7.2 to 7.8.

7. Test for metals (iron and copper). If levels are high add a sequestering agent and allow filter to remove them before any chlorine is added to the pool. If chlorine is added to a pool with high metal levels, the metals can "fall out" of suspension and adhere to the walls and bottom of the pool. This "fall out" looks like rust on the pool shell and can be removed from a fiberglass pool with the addition of additional chemicals. A concrete pool needs to be drained and acid washed.

8. Now test the water for phosphates especially if you are planning on using a saltwater chlorine generator. Adjust as necessary using a phosphate remover. You need to keep the phosphate level at zero or near zero levels. If the phosphate level is higher, the phosphates can consume the chlorine before it can sanitize the pool properly.

9. Add your sanitizer of choice (such as chlorine) only when all three of the balancing chemicals are within their ideal range, which will permit the chlorine to function in an optimal environment. The ideal range is between 1 - 3 parts per million.